The 5 Easiest Programming Languages to Learn

By John Selawsky

Updated Over a Week Ago

Minute Read

A career in software development is a rewarding choice. As the demand for good developers grows every year and the salaries increase with it. Moreover, the number of fascinating projects to work on grows too.

But starting a journey like this is not easy. You must make decisions and learn a lot to get your first job interview. The decisions alone seem somewhat intimidating, especially when you have no idea where to start. There are hundreds of programming languages. Which one should you learn first? Where do you learn it? There are thousands of resources, both online and offline.

Most software developers learn more than one language in the course of their careers. But you have to start somewhere, so why not start with those languages that are easier to learn? Especially considering that they are simultaneously the most popular ones.

Here’s a list of the easiest popular programming languages for you to consider learning first and the recommendations on where to learn them.

Java

Java is one of the most popular programming languages, its is applied in almost every industry you can think of. Known for its stability and security, Java is an excellent choice for beginner developers for several reasons.

Simple syntax

Java is an object-oriented, general-purpose language explicitly designed to be beginner-friendly and easy to learn. Its relatively straightforward syntax makes it easy to read and understand. This helps new developers quickly get up to speed with the language and start writing code.

Rich API

Java has an extensive and comprehensive set of libraries and APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), which make development easier and faster. These libraries provide pre-written code for common tasks like networking, input/output, and database access.

Popularity and community support

Java is one of the most widely applied programming languages in the world. As a result, there is a large community of developers who share their knowledge and provide support to beginners.

Where to learn Java

You can start by familiarising yourself with the official Java documentation. Or learn Java basics online at CodeGym and start practicing your new skills immediately. The course comes with over 1200 instantly validated Java exercises.

When confident with your basic Java skills, you can go for a boot camp or add more study materials like YouTube tutorials, blogs, and communities.

Python

Python is another widely popular general-purpose language. Its English-like and highly readable syntax makes it one of the easiest languages for beginners.

Other reasons why Python is an easy language:

Rich Libraries

Python has a large number of libraries and frameworks that can be used to solve complex problems. These libraries are basically ready-to-use code, which makes it easier for you to get started with the language.

Large Community

Python boasts a large and active community of software engineers who contribute to the language’s development and create libraries and modules to make programming easier.

Where to learn Python

The official Python website has an extensive documentation section that provides tutorials and guides for beginners.

Books like “Python Crash Course” by Eric Matthes, “Learn Python the Hard Way” by Zed A. Shaw, and “Python for Data Analysis” by Wes McKinney also is recommended a lot.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a scripting language created primarily for front-end web development. It has a strong focus on creating interactive and dynamic web pages. It is also used for back-end development, thanks to its runtime environment, Node.js.

This focus makes it a popular language among web developers, so there are many resources available to learn JavaScript. Its syntax is easy to understand and therefore learn.

Besides its simple syntax and web development focus, JavaScript is considered easy for this reason:

Immediate Feedback

JavaScript is often used in the browser, which means that you can see the results almost immediately. This immediate feedback helps beginners learn and improve quickly.

Where to learn JavaScript

As with any other programming language, JavaScript boasts a huge number of learning resources. The most recommended is The Mozilla Developer Network. It offers a comprehensive guide to JavaScript, including documentation, tutorials, and examples both for beginners and advanced learners.

Ruby

Ruby is known for its readability and simplicity. It has a friendly and supportive community, making it a great language for beginners. It is also often used for web development, with the Ruby on Rails framework being particularly popular.

Simple Syntax

Like the other easy languages, Ruby has a simple, human-readable syntax that is easy to understand and write. It also offers a lot of shortcuts and convenient ways of writing code.

Built-in Libraries

Ruby has a lot of built-in libraries that provide useful functions and features.

Where to learn Ruby

The Ruby Programming Language, a book by the Ruby creator Yukihiro Matsumoto is highly recommended and provides an in-depth introduction to the Ruby programming language. The book is designed for both beginners and experienced programmers.

Another popular learning resource is RubyMonk, a free online platform for learning Ruby. The platform offers interactive lessons, quizzes, and exercises.

Swift

Swift is a programming language developed by Apple, primarily for iOS and macOS app development. Its syntax is easy to learn and read, and it has a number of features designed to make coding faster and more efficient. Swift is also open-source, meaning that there is a large community of developers who can help you learn and troubleshoot.

Strong Type Inference

Swift uses type inference to automatically determine the data type of a variable based on its value. This reduces the need for explicit type declarations and makes the code easier to write and read.

Interactive Playground

Swift has an interactive playground that allows experimenting with code and seeing the results in real time. This makes it easy to learn the language and test ideas without the need to build a full application.

Where to learn Swift

Apple provides extensive documentation and resources for Swift, including tutorials, sample code, and documentation. These resources are well-organized and easy to follow.



Conclusion

Overall, these five programming languages are generally considered to be relatively easy to learn, making them great options for beginners.

John Selawsky on Linkedin
John Selawsky
John Selawsky
John has seven years of experience in Java/J2EE development. He is also a tutor on Java Programming Introduction at Learning Tree International. You can contact John by email and follow him on Medium.
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