How These 6 Leadership Style Types Affect Performance

By Jade Anderson

Updated Over a Week Ago

Minute Read

The leadership style types at a company can greatly impact a range of aspects of the business. Poor leadership style types will see poor performance and potentially even a hit to profits.

It’s often said that people leave managers, not companies, which would suggest it’s clear that leadership and management styles can have a significant impact on the culture and the performance of a company.

The staff looks to managers and leaders to motivate and encourage them. Good managers will empower their team.

Effective leaders cycle through different weekly styles to best engage with certain staff, navigate a particular situation and get the desired results.

It can be difficult to understand the different leadership styles and when to use them, but the better leaders know which styles they can and should use, the more effective their team will be.

Here are six leadership styles and how they affect performance:

1. Coercive

Most of the time, a coercive leadership style is not the best approach. A coercive leader demands authority and complicity.

They have a strong drive to succeed but are often negative and critical and rarely give out praise.

Good leaders shouldn’t exert their authority over others, namely because people don’t appreciate being ordered what to do.

This leadership style greatly affects the team’s morale and can make it difficult for employees to be honest and transparent for fear of being humiliated or demeaned.

If employees are too afraid to voice issues, problems can arise. This type of leadership will likely see a high turnover rate, and those who stay may eventually despise the company.

A coercive leader can often assume that money is the only motivator for people. Because of this, an employee’s job satisfaction and commitment to the company can be greatly affected.

While it’s clear that this style of leadership is predominantly negative, in certain emergency situations where quick decisions and actions need to be made, it can be helpful.

2. Pace Setter

The pacesetter generally sets high standards by leading by example. They’re hard workers, highly motivated, and constantly use initiative to try and move the company forward at a faster and better rate. Often, they will pressure their team to do the same.

While at first glance, this might sound like a good, strong leader, it can negatively impact performance.

Those who can’t keep up with the high expectations feel like they are failing, and their morale will suffer. Because pacesetters like to move fast, they rarely stop to give feedback or encouragement or point out the things that are wrong.

Often, pacesetters will micromanage their team. This will have a negative impact on motivation and commitment and will also affect the trust within the team.

As a leader, it’s important to remember the individuals in the team. Everyone is different and will work at a different pace.

As long as expectations are fair, moving a bit slower than the pacesetter does not always constitute poor performance.

3. Visionary

Visionary leaders lead with their confidence, enthusiasm, and good communication skills to create, communicate, and work toward a vision.

Visionary leaders work great for a team that needs a goal to work towards but wants the freedom to innovate and experiment.

Visionary leaders are also empathetic and empowering, giving those in their team the confidence to take calculated risks and work towards a shared goal. This helps employees see how they fit into the team and what their contributions mean in the bigger picture.

Great visionary leaders also resolve conflict, which will happen when giving people the freedom to innovate.

And while they promote innovation, visionary leaders still set boundaries and parameters, keeping people accountable for their actions.

This makes visionary leadership one of the most effective and positive styles for most circumstances.

4. Democratic

Democratic leaders look to build strong teams through consensus and collective knowledge.

Teams under a democratic leader often have high levels of commitment due to being involved in the decision-making progress. This inclusiveness keeps the morale high.

This leadership style is best used when a strong direction is needed to be in place. It allows the company to move towards goals that the whole team can get behind.

However, if a consensus can’t be reached, it can slow down workflows and cause frustration.

Therefore, the democratic leadership style is best used in certain situations. For example, when the leader isn’t experienced or uncertain of what the next step should be.

5. Coach

The coach leadership style aims to provide one-on-one, personalized feedback to help employees improve and reach their personal goals.

The coach, so to speak, encourages their team members to try things, experiment, and not be afraid of failure.

Coaching works best when people want to improve their weaknesses and focus on career development.

A good coach leader will be empathetic and provide constructive feedback, giving employees the confidence to improve their skills.

This style can backfire when people don’t want to be coached or the leader is inexperienced. This can feel like micromanaging, which will have negative effects.

6. Affiliate

Affiliate leaders aim to please people. This involves frequent praise and feedback and can result in a confident, strong team.

This is great for organizations that are in need of a morale boost, team building, or improving communication and trust. In an environment where trust is strong, communication is open, ideas are shared easily, and innovation is free to occur.

The downside of an affiliate leadership style, especially if it’s the only style used, is that poor performance can go uncorrected.

This can spell disaster for the team as they can be misguided. In other circumstances, it could frustrate a team when someone who isn’t pulling their weight seemingly goes unnoticed.

Which Leadership Style Type Should You Use?

The key takeaway is that each leadership style has its time and place. But a good leader will know when to use a certain style and which team members respond well to certain styles.

The more leadership styles a leader can draw upon, the more efficient they will be. Adapting your leadership style to fit a particular person or situation will have the most positive effect on overall performance.

Which Leadership Style Type is Best For You?

If you have ideas about leadership style types that might be helpful to readers, share them in the comments section below. Thanks!

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Jade Anderson
Jade Anderson
Jade Anderson is an experienced In-house Editor at Upskilled. With a background in online marketing, Jade runs some successful websites of her own. Her passion for the education industry and content is displayed through the quality of work she offers.
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